Vegetables can have a high risk of injury to the arms, hips and ankles - experts say

The study also said that the risk of fractures was slightly reduced by a diet high in calcium and dietary protein and by a measure of Body Mass Index (BMI).

 Vegetables can have a high risk of injury to the arms, hips and ankles - experts say


Over the years, we have seen more and more people adopt a vegan lifestyle. The two most important reasons for this change are environmental concerns and healthy living. While vegan diets (plant-based foods) have proven to have several health benefits, recent research has found that it can lead to a decline in bone health. The study, 

published in the easily accessible journal BMC Medicine, states that people who convert veganism have a 43 percent higher risk of developing a hip, leg or spine fracture, compared to those who eat meat. One of the reasons, according to the report, could be a diet low in calcium and protein.


A team of researchers at the University of Oxford and Bristol, UK examined data on 54898 people over a long period of time. Of the total participants, 29,380 ate meat, 8 037 ate fish (but not meat), 15,499 were vegetarians, and 1,982 followed veganism. In the study, researchers found 3941 fracture cases involving 566 arms, 889 wrists, 945 arms, 366 legs, 560 ankles and 467 fractures elsewhere in the body.

"We found that vegans had a higher risk of complete fractures which resulted in more than 20 cases per 1000 people over a ten-year period compared to carnivores. , equivalent to 15 cases per 1000 people in ten years, "explains Dr. Tammy Tong, lead author and Nutritional Epidemiologist at the Nuffield Department of Population Health, Oxford University.

The study also said that the risk of fractures was slightly reduced by a diet high in calcium and dietary protein and by a measure of Body Mass Index (BMI).

"Previous studies have shown that low BMI is associated with an increased risk of hip fractures, while low-calcium and protein diets are all linked to poor bone health. This study showed that vegans, on average, had lower BMI and lower calcium and protein intake than people who ate meat, there was a high risk of cracking in many places. Nutritious and high plant-based diets can lead to improved nutritional levels and a lower risk of heart disease and diabetes. consider the benefits and risks of their diet, and ensure adequate calcium and protein levels and maintain BMI healthy, that is, not underweight or overweight, "says Dr. Tong.

Taking into account all these factors, say, a person should include all the essential nutrients (protein, calcium, vitamin D and more) in their daily diet to maintain good health.

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